Butterfly Garden

Butterfly Garden
The Butterfly Garden is designed with plants that attract butterflies and meet their needs. The garden includes:

  • Host plants on which butterflies lay eggs and where their larvae, the caterpillars, feed
  • Nectar plants which provide food for adult butterflies
  • Shelter plants that provide protection from wind, rain and predators

The goal of the garden is to showcase plants and educate local gardeners about plants which can be found and grown in their gardens to attract local butterflies. A field guide for butterfly identification, written by the Fort Bend Master Gardeners Entomology Group, is available as a resource to help the public identify eggs, caterpillar stages, chrysalis and adult butterflies, as well as their host and nectar plants. The garden serves as an interactive, educational exhibit for young and old alike.

The table below shows the host and nectar plants.

Common NameBotanical NameHost/Nectar
Almond Verbena (tree)Aloysia virgataN
American persimmon (large tree)Diospyros virginiana H/N
Bay tree, Red bay (tree)Persea borboniaH/N
Bee BalmMonarda sp.N
BluebonnetLupinus texensisH/N
Blue-eyed grassSisyrinchium bellumN
Bottle brush dwarfCallistemon viminalisN
Button bush (Chinese) (small tree)Adina rubellaN
Button bush (small tree)Cephalanthus occidentalisN
Cassia, Candle stick plant (small tree)Cassia alataH/N
Cassia, Flowery Senna (small tree)Cassia corymbosaH/N
CestrumCestrum aurantiacumN
Citrus, calamondinCitrofortunella microcarpaH /N
Cone flower, purpleEchinacea sp.N
Coral HoneysuckleLonicera sempervirensN
Coreopsis, Tickseed Coreopsis sp.N
Cuphea, Cigar plantCuphea igneaN
Dahlberg DaisyThymophylla tenuilobaN
DillAnethum graveolensH/N
DurantaDuranta erectaN
Fennel Foeniculum vulgareH/N
FirespikeOdontonema cuspidatumN
FrogfruitPhyla nodifloraH/N
Gaillardia, Blanket FlowerGaillardia sp.N
GauraOenothera lindheimeri N
Golden RodSolidago altissimaN
Hamelia, Hummingbird bush (shrub)Hamelia patensN
Kidneywood, small treeEysenhardtia texanaN
Lantana (pink, yellow, orange)Lantana camaraN
Lantana, (red, orange, yellow)Lantana urticoides (L. horrida)N
Mallow, Rose MallowHibiscus moscheutos H/N
Mexican bauhinia (small tree)Bauhinia mexicanaN
Mexican Flame VineSenecio confususN
Mexican Mint MarigoldTagetes lucidaN
Milkweed, Antelope HornAsclepias asperulaH/N
Milkweed, Aquatic MilkweedAsclepias perennisH/N
Milkweed, Butterfly WeedAsclepias tuberosaH/N
Milkweed, Green MilkweedAsclepias viridisH/N
Mist Flower BlueConoclinium coelestinumN
Oxalis, Purple shamrock Oxalis triangularisN
ParsleyPetroselinum crispumH/N
Partridge PeaChamaecrista fasciculataN
Passion vinePassiflora incarnataH/N
Pentas, Egyptian StarflowerPentas lanceolataN
Pipevine, White VeinedAristolochia fimbriataH/N
Pipevine, CalicoAristolochia littoralisH/N
Pipevine, woolyAristolochia tomentosaH/N
Powderpuff (dwarf), Fairy Duster Calliandra emarginataN
Rockrose, PavoniaPavonia lasiopetalaN
RueRuta graveolensH/N
Rudbeckia, Giant Cone FlowerRudbeckia maximaN
Rudbeckia, Black-eyed SusanRudbeckia fulgida, ‘goldstrum’N
Rudbeckia, Brown-eyed SusanRudbeckia trilobaN
Russian sagePerovskia atriplicifoliaN
SalviaSalvia greggiiN
SalviaSalvia coccineaN
Salvia, Salvia farinaceaN
Salvia, Black and BlueSalvia guaraniticaN
SalviaSalvia sp.N
Shasta DaisyLeucanthemum sp.N
Shrimp plantJusticia brandegeeanaH/N
Snake HerbDyschoriste linearisN
SunflowerHelianthus Sp.N
Turks capMalvaviscus arboreus Var. drummondiiN
Verbena, HomesteadVerbena sp.N
Verbena, Prairie VerbenaGlandularia bipinnatifidaN
Vitex, Chaste treeVitex agnus-castus N
WinecupCallirhoe involucrataN
Yarrow, Desert Eve Yarrow (pink)Achillea millefoliumN
Yarrow (yellow)Achillea sp.N
Yarrow (native, white)Achillea millefolium var.occidentalisN
Zinnia, old fashioned tallZinnia sp.N
Zinnia, dwarfZinnia sp.N

In the following table you can see the shelter plants used in our butterfly garden.

Common NameBotanical Name
Dahoon Holly, small treeIlex cassine
GingerZingiber sp.
Grass
Vinca variegated, Lesser Periwinkle ground coverVinca minor
Wood FernThelypteris kunthii (Desv.) Morton
Yaupon Holly, small treeIlex vomitoria
Rose, Ellen’s Rose (Remembering Ellen)Rosa sp.

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